http://www.cnbc.com/2016/03/14/if-congress-cuts-airline-fees-who-would-suffer.html Some folks in Congress seem intent on re-regulating the airlines. Everything that constituents complain about to their congressman seems to be the subject of a bill; seating pitch and width, baggage fees and change fees are targeted. While I think some of these practices are only possible in a highly consolidated industry, it is clear that there are ways around many of them. Most of the time. If you plan, have status or the right credit card you can generally avoid the fees. As noted in the article, these fees are now an important part of airline revenue. Any regulatory lowering of these fees would likely result in higher base fares which we could not avoid.