Cathedrals, Churches. Mosques, Synagogues and Temples

Discussion in 'General Discussion | Travel' started by jbcarioca, Mar 24, 2011.  |  Print Topic

  1. jbcarioca
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    The thread title is in alphabetical order. We have our resident sculptor, Gargoyle, and a fair number of people who know about and are interested in liturgical art and architecture.

    This thread is for posting photos and explaining them, as well as any other relevant comments.
     
  2. jbcarioca
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    Starting with the very, very small. This is an Orthodox Chapel large enough for only a four very close people that is now in the Latvian Open Air Ethnographic Museum.

    Latvian tiny chapel.png
     
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  3. jbcarioca
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    One of my favorite Cathedrals, this is Norwich in England. It is a Norman Construction, beginning around 1099. There are afternoon vespers every day around 17:00 which have superb choral and organ music. It is not widely visited but deserves much more renown.

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    A miserichord from 1480 depicting Gluttonly riding on a sow
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  4. Wandering Aramean
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    A couple from Istanbul:
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    And from Kaysari:
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  5. Wandering Aramean
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  6. Gargoyle
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    York Minster, England

    York-minster.jpg

    York-rose.jpg

    Note how the gargoyles are actually structural cross braces, part of the engineering design of the building.
    York-gargoyle-braces.jpg
     
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  7. Gargoyle
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    York Minster.

    We like to think of ourselves and our culture as being incredibly advanced, not like the crude uneducated people of the "dark ages"... but consider this in terms of descriptive geometry and engineering. Trace the shapes and forms in your mind, consider how they are all interlocked. Not many draftspeople or architects now could draw something with forms and geometry this complicated, and design it so that it would withstand 600 or 800 years of weathering and social upheaval. They had just as much grey matter as we do, but they didn't have all the crutches (like computers, google, and instant communications) that we do, so they had to depend on their own observation and study. It really is amazing what people have accomplished.

    York-capital.jpg

    Also, looking at this, keep in mind that the stone cutters (banker masons) worked by subtraction- they began with a rough block, cut it square, and then step by step measured and cut precisely back to all the shapes, forms and moldings. If a single angle was wrong the pieces wouldn't fit together, and the gravitational forces would eventually undermine the building.

    York-arches.jpg

    York-trifoils.jpg
     
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  8. Gargoyle
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    Durham Cathedral, Northern England

    Durham-arches.jpg

    Durham-wall.jpg
     
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  9. Gargoyle
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    Villach, Austria

    Villach-church.jpg
     
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  10. Gargoyle
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    Hyde Park, Chicago

    Originally a Christian Science church, and later St. Stephens Church, this is located at 57th and Blackstone Ave. near the University of Chicago campus. The columns are each a single shaft of Indiana limestone, perhaps 25' (8 meters) tall, so each was cut from a single block and turned on a massive lathe, then shipped by train from Indiana to Chicago. They probably weigh 15 to 20 tons each, so lifting them and putting them in place was a bit of a task.

    Church-hyde-park.jpg

    Note the broken windows- this magnificent building fell on hard times, I don't believe it is still functioning as a house of worship.

    Church-hyde-park-2.jpg
     
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  11. Sweet Willie
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    I liked the door 'knocker' at Durham which is just below the bottom edge of your first photo
     
  12. Gargoyle
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    Is this the one you mean?

    Durham-knocker.jpg
     
  13. Sweet Willie
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    yes sir, thanks
     
  14. Gargoyle
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    You know me well enough to know I won't overlook wonderful details like that, or like these, also from Durham Cathedral:

    Note the hand tooled chisel work on the moldings and ashlar (flat stone), and the wonderful beard:

    Durham-label-mold.jpg

    And here, the elaborate combination of carved marble drapery, the unusual depth of the volutes (the curls), batwings, and the very striking skull. A dramatic work of sculpture.

    Durham-skull.jpg
     
  15. Punki
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    The church that had the most overwhelming impact on me was the Cologne Cathedral. I stepped out of the train station and POW, there is was, the imposing mountian of God. Even more awsome because I wasn't expecting it.

    cologne_cathedral.jpg

    Hunki kept saying, "How could they do this without even so much as a slide rule?"
     
  16. Gargoyle
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    Hunki is right... the work is absolutely incredible. It's a fantastic lace building. More pix of it in the Cologne picture thread, including some I took one special day when I got to climb the scaffolding on the roof and visit the workshops.
     
  17. thegrailer
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    Crystal Mosque in Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia


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  18. thegrailer
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    Floating Mosque in Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia

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  19. thegrailer
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    St. Sophia in Kyiv, Ukraine

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  20. thegrailer
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  21. thegrailer
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    Speyer Cathedral, Germany

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  22. Gardyloo
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    I'll throw out a few...

    Kalon mosque and minaret, aka "tower of death" (baddies tossed from the top) along with occasional residents, Bukhara, Uzbekistan

    [​IMG]

    Sheikh Lotfallah mosque, Isfahan, Iran

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    Peace pagoda and related buildings, Naritasan temple complex, Narita, Japan (5 min. from NRT.)

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    Dome of the Rock and Church of the Holy Sepulcher (top left with dome) in Jerusalem, from Mount of Olives

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  23. Punki
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    Another place that blows my mind is the Basilica built into the ruins of the Baths of Diocletian in Rome--the Basilica di Angeli.

    exterior of the basilica.jpg
    The interior was designed by Michaelangelo and in the church can be found a meridian which stretches on the floor from the right transept to the main apse. The meridian was formerly used for the regulation of time in Rome, especially for the calculation of Easter.

    clock 1.jpg

    After we attended Mass, we listened to an organ concert. Very impressive.

    organ.jpg
     
  24. jbcarioca
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    Fatimah (Khanom) Mosque Qom, Iran

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    I have no good photos of this mosque. Inside is the most exquisite filigree and magnificent carving. From an architectural view there is nothing striking, I think, but the artwork is astounding. All my photos are old ones taken with stuff called 'film'
     
  25. jbcarioca
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    The cascading domes and six slender minarets of the Sultanahmet Mosque(better known as the "Blue Mosque") dominate the skyline of Istanbul. In the 17th century, Sultan Ahmet I wished to build an Islamic place of worship that would be even better than the Hagia Sophia, and the mosque named for him is the result.

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    The walls and ceiling are covered with tiles from Iznik. Photos cannot begin to show the beauty, nor the colors.

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