Bahia- The birthplace of Brazil

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  1. jbcarioca
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    jbcarioca Gold Member

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    Bahia’s history is deeply blended with Brazil’s history. In Porto Seguro, at the far south of Bahia, in 1500, Brazil was discovered, with the arrival of the Portuguese and the celebration of the first mass, at Coroa Vermelha, by the friar Henrique Soares de Coimbra. In these five centuries of several historical facts, Bahia was the stage of invasions such as the Dutch invasion, independence wars, and of conflicts and rebellions, such as Sabinada and Malês’ .
    In the 16th century, Bahia was powered by the Pau-Brasil (native wood) and sugar can economy, followed by the gold and diamond cycle. The golden times of the sugar cane cycle allowed the colonial nobles to emerge, causing an increase in the number of inhabitants and financial figures, especially in the capital city, what can be proved by the construction of the main churches of the city, like São Francisco Church, the golden church, the venerable third order of São Francisco, with a facade in Spanish baroque, and the basilica cathedral, where the thumb of Bahia’s third governor Men de Sá is.
    Much more to follow
     
  2. jbcarioca
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    jbcarioca Gold Member

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    Discovery of Brazil

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    Brazil’s Discovery was the result of the European colonialist expansion. In 1500, in March, a Portuguese squadron led by Pedro Álvares Cabral, travelling to India, diverted from its original route. In the late afternoon of April 22nd, the squadron reached a point in the south seashore of what is today the state of Bahia. On April 24th, the squadrons led by Cabral sailed in search for a better port to anchor their vessels. They found a “very good and safe one” at the place that today is called Cabrália Bay.
    The first mass was celebrated on April 26th, a Sunday, by Friar Henrique Soares Coimbra, a Franciscan that was going to India, at Coroa Vermelha. On the following day, the first tree was cut to make a cross for the celebration of the second mass, on May 1st. On the same day, Cabral left for India, while Gaspar de Lemos went to Lisbon to announce the discovery to the king of Portugal, Dom Manuel I. On the land, called Vera Cruz by Cabral, they left two men to contact the native people.
    In 1501, the Portuguese organized a new expedition, this time to explore the land discovered in the previous year. Conducted by the navigator from Florence, Americo Vespúcio, the Portuguese squadron arrived on November 1st at a big gulf, All Saints’ Bay. Vespúcio only gave detailed news about this trip in 1504.
     
  3. jbcarioca
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    jbcarioca Gold Member

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    Reserved for more about Bahia, including the modern things like beaches, carnival and nightlife
     
  4. jbcarioca
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